Research theme coordinators: Abid Suleri, Babar Shahbaz
The basic research idea of this project is to contribute to a spatially explicit understanding of the forests-livelihoods nexus by mapping and studying decision making on environmental services among involved stakeholders at meso-scale (e.g. district-level). Insights gained in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) are also compared with similar studies carried out in South East Asia (Lao PDR) and East Africa (Pangani Basin, Tanzania) through NCCR's Transversal Research Project "Development Disparities and Natural Resources in Trans-Contextual Settings", coordinated by Pete Messerli.
In Pakistan, research is carried out in the following four steps:
1: Inventorying forest related projects in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Numerous projects and interventions have been undertaken in the highland areas of KP during the past two decades, but deforestation continues at the accelerating pace. The guiding questions for this step are: What development interventions (project) influence currently the Forests-Livelihoods Nexus in the highland districts of KP, what goals do they pursue? What is the time span of these interventions and what is their sequence? What are the economic, ecological and socio-cultural aspects of these interventions? Who are the stakeholders (viz. implementing agencies, partners, donors, beneficiaries etc.) of these interventions and what activities they pursued for the accomplishment of the intended objectives of theses projects? Researchers working on this part of the study are:
- Mr. Muhammad Tayyab, Department of Forestry and Range Management,
- University of Arid Agriculture Rawalpindi (MSc student)
- Post-doc researchers Abid Suleri and Babar Shahbaz, SDPI
2: Stakeholders' analysis and decision making
Analysis of stakeholders (in the context of natural resource related interventions), their perceptions regarding valuation and use of natural resources, interactions, power relation etc. is inevitable for the success of any development intervention. Thus, we identify the current major stakeholders and analyze their roles, perceptions and concerns in forest related development projects. The guiding questions are: What are the objectives pursued by the involved stakeholders (in the context of development interventions) with regard to poverty and with regard to environmental functions and services? What are the perceptions of these actors regarding - forest-livelihoods nexus and different dimensions of sustainable development? What are the interactions (affiliations) among different organizations and actors in terms of projects and institutions? What policy implications can be suggested for the improved effectiveness of future interventions in the forestry sector? Researchers working on these issues are:
- Mr. Muhammad Arif Wattoo, Department of Agric. Extension, University of
- Agriculture, Faisalabad (MSc student)
- Miss Saadia Kiran, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Arid Agriculture,
- Rawalpindi (MSc student)
- Post-doc researchers
3: Socio-economic and environmental atlas of NWFP
A socio-economic atlas of the highland districts of KP is being prepared with the collaboration of an expert from World Food Programme. Some of the indicators selected for this atlas are population (density, gender ratio, household size), education (school, literacy by gender, student teacher ratio), health (population per doctor and facility), roads & transport, agriculture (farms by size, livestock), forests (area, tenure), livelihood assets Index etc. While environmental profile is comprised of high resolution land use maps (particularly forests) of the mountainous districts of KP.
4: Spatial configuration
Finally, the data collected in the above four phases will be presented in the form of maps for further analysis.
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